SEUNSANGGA

Site outline
  • The subject and scope of design is Seunsangga Complex’s deck and the public space above and below which connects from the edge of Jong-ro by Jongmyo Park to the space by Toegye-ro that connects to Namsan Mountain. The west of the complex will be developed as a four-meter wide road, and to the east of the complex will be developed as a green walkway seven to ten meters wide, which should be included in the design. The entrant should provide a masterplan for the whole site area, a detailed design for the Phase 1 section, and a program to revitalize the Seunsangga Complex.

  • Seunsangga Complex
  • Seven sangga buildings located from Jong-ro to Toegye-ro(Seunsangga Gadong, Cheonggye-Sangga, Daelim-Sangga, Sampung-Sangga, Pungjeon Hotel, Shinsung-Sangga, Jinyang-Sangga).

  • Deck of Seunsangga Complex
  • Seunsangga Complex's deck is a public facility created on an urban planning road located on the 3rd floor of the east and west wings. Part of the deck are occupied by stores and parking lots. The area below the deck are roads and parking lots. The deck between Sampung-Sangga and Pungjeon Hotel have been taken down, but Seun- sangga Gadong, Cheonggye-Sangga, Daelim-Sangga, Shinsung-Sangga, and Jinyang-Sangga's decks are still remain.

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SEUNSANGGA

Historic Background of the Site
  • Seunsangga Complex is located in the center of Seoul's historical district in Jongro-gu and Jung-gu and consists of seven shopping centers ('sangga') stretched across a kilometer from Jong-ro to Toegye-ro. To the north is Jongmyo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, to the south is Namsan Mountain, and Jong-ro, Cheonggyecheon, Eulji-ro, Mareunnae-gil and Toegye-ro is crossing through the site from east to west.
  • The land on which the complex was built was left as an empty lot during the Japanese colonial era towards the end of the Second World War (1945) to prevent fires created by bombings from spreading in the city. When the Korean War began in 1950 refugees started squatting, creating a substandard living district. The current Seunsangga Complex was designed by architect Kim Su-geun(1931~1986) in the late 1960s as Korea's first downtown redevelopment project. It was a three-dimensional city that separated pedestrians and vehicles with mega-structures and artificial land that stretched from north to south. Constructed from 1967 to 1972, Seunsangga Complex was Korea's first mixed-use building that combined residential and commercial spaces as well as amenities which gained popularity among noted public figures at the time. It also has meaning in architectural history as a mega-structure building in urban area that realizes a new paradigm of post-20th century urban architecture.
  • However, now Seunsangga Complex is considered a dilapidated and ugly building, an eyesore that stretches from north to south that hinders development, a 'forgotten space'. When Cheonggyecheon was restored as part of the downtown revitalization project in the early 2000s, part of the decks that constituted the connecting walkways were taken down or remodeled. The Seun Regeneration Promotion planning in 2006 had planed demolish all the Seunsangga Complex buildings to create a park, and Hyundae-Sangga which is closest to Jongmyo was torn down to make way for a park(Seun Greenway Park). However due to social and economical shifts since the plan was announced, changes were made in the plan in March of 2014 and the current shopping complex was salvaged. (Referential information : International Forum on Seun District, Downtown Seoul, December 16, 2013, link)

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SEUNSANGGA